Chapter 11 – Speed & Acceleration
Speed – Chapter 11 – Quiz Questions #1
pp. 363 - 369
- Define DISPLACEMENT.
- Define SPEED.
- Define VELOCITY
- Which should you use in calculating how many gallons of gas you will need to make a road trip – distance or displacement? Give your answer and explain.
- Explain the concept of “frame of reference.”
- You are on a boat going down a river at 5 km/hr. The river is flowing in the same direction at 2 km/hr. What is the combined speed of the boat? What would the speed of the boat be if you reversed your direction of travel and went upstream?
- What is the formula for determining average speed?
- What is meant by the term “instantaneous speed?”
- What does the term “average speed” mean?
- You are in a car traveling forward at 35 miles/hr. It is raining. There is no wind. Why does the rain appear to be coming straight towards the windshield?
- List 3 units of measurement for … a) distance, b) time, c) speed, d) velocity
- Speed is dependent upon what two factors?
- What is the difference between SPEED and VELOCITY?
- CAR #1 is going 25 km/hr on the highway. CAR #2, going 50 km/hr just passedCar #1. a) If your frame of reference is car #1, what is the speed of car #2? b) If your frame of reference is car #2, what is the speed of car #1?
- A skateboard is heading towards a tree at 3 km/hr. Describe what you see from these frames of reference: a) the skateboard, b) bystander on the side of the path, c) the tree.
Graphing Motion – Chapter 11 – Quiz Questions #2
pp. 370 - 371
- What is an INDEPENDENT VARIABLE?
- What is a DEPENDENT VARIABLE?
- On a distance – time graph what is the “independent variable?”
- For line graphs which axis do you use for distance, which axis for time?
- If you have a distance – time graph of the speed of an automobile and it is NOT a straight line, what does that mean?
- On a distance – time graph for a vehicle moving at a constant speed, describe the slope of the line if the car is moving …. a) very fast, b) parked and not moving, c) moving slowly
- Imagine that you could ride a baseball that is hit hard enough for a home run. Using the concept of frame of reference, describe what is happening from these perspectives: a) batter, b) you sitting on top of the baseball, c) outfielder trying to catch the hit.
- Look at the three distance (vs) time graphs on page 371. What is the average speed of each car: a) Fast-moving car, b) Slow-moving car, c) Car with changing speed?
- Look at the Distance Vs. Time graph on the bottom left-hand corner of page 370. Visually compare the red line with the blue line and green line. Calculate the slope of the red line.
- Using the Distance Vs. Time graph on the bottom left-hand corner of page 370, list the relative speeds (fast, medium, slow) of the colored lines: a) Red line, b) Green line, c) Blue line.
Acceleration – Chapter 11 – Quiz Questions #3
pp. 372 – 377
- Define ACCELERATION.
- Acceleration can be a change in what two things?
- Is it possible to constantly accelerate when never speeding up or slowing down? Why or why not?
- What is CENTRIPETAL ACCELERATION?
- What is the formula for acceleration?
- If an objects starts at rest, what is its initial velocity?
- How would the answer to an acceleration problem be shown if an object is slowing down?
- List three examples of positive acceleration.
- List three examples of negative acceleration.
- List three examples of acceleration due to a change in direction.
- Word Problem: Natalie begins from a stop and then accelerates her skateboard to 4 m/s in 2.5s. What is her acceleration?
- Word Problem: A turtle is swimming towards shore at 0.5 m/s. After 4s, its speed has increased to 0.8 m/s. What is the turtle’s acceleration?
Forces – Chapter 11 – Quiz Questions #4
pp. 380 - 382
- Define the word FORCE.
- What are the four FUNDAMENTAL FORCES?
- Give two examples of FIELD FORCES.
- What are BALANCED FORCES?
- What are UNBALANCED FORCES?
- Do balanced forces change motion?
- What is the NET FORCE acting on a piano if ….. a) two students are each putting a force of 100N on the piano from the same side, or b) if the students are pushing from opposite sides of the piano?
- Using BALANCED or UNBALANCED to describe the forces you would prefer, consider these examples and state why you chose your answer: a) Building a house, b) Riding your bicycle, c) Sitting on top of a fence, d) Riding a roller coaster.
- When an object is at rest, are any forces acting upon it? Explain.
Friction – Chapter 11 – Quiz Questions #5
pp. 382 - 387
- Define FRICTION.
- Define STATIC FRICTION.
- Define KINETIC FRICTION.
- Explain what is happening with STATIC FRICTION when you push on an object but do not move it.
- Why is static friction usually greater than kinetic friction?
- List the three types of KINETIC FRICTION and provide an example of each.
- How can you reduce friction for each of the three types of kinetic friction?
- How can you INCREASE static friction?
- Describe three ways to reduce the force of friction between a heavy block and a table top.
- What is the amount of static friction acting on a truck if the truck does not move and the force pulling the truck downhill is 2000N? (Note: answer must include number + direction of force).
- How are balanced and unbalanced forces related to static and kinetic friction?
- What happens when a net force acts upon an object?
Summary – Chapter 11 – Quiz Questions #6
- Define MOTION.
- Define SPEED.
- What is the formula for SPEED?
- What kind of line is produced by using a distance – time graph to illustrate constant speed?
- What is ACCELERATION?
- What are the three things that acceleration can mean?
- What is the formula for ACCELERATION?
- What are the four fundamental forces in nature?
- Explain BALANCED and UNBALANCED forces.
- Define the word FRICTION.
- List and explain the two types of friction.