Atoms – Chapters 4/5 – Quiz Questions #0 
pp. 119 - 127

1. Define the term PROTON.

2. Define the term NEUTRON.

3. What is the ATOMIC NUMBER?

4. What is the MASS NUMBER?

5. What is an ISOTOPE?

6. How do you determine the number of neutrons in an atom?

7. What is Avogadro’s number?

8. What is a MOLE?

. Determine the mass in grams of each of the following:

          a) 2.5 mol of sulfur, S

          b) 0.50 mol of carbon, C

          c) 1.8 mol of calcium, Ca

          d) 3.2 mol of copper, Cu

Organizing the Elements – Chapters 4/5 – Quiz Questions #1 

9. State the property used to organize elements in the modern periodic table.

10. Each row of the periodic table is called a ……….

11. Each column of the periodic table is called a ………..

12. Each rectangle on the periodic table represents one element. Inside the box are
      four pieces of information. State what these items mean.

            a) Top number:

            b) A letter(s) of the alphabet:

            c) A word:

            d) Bottom number:

13.  a) Who was the first chemist to design a way of organizing chemical elements?  
      b) When did he publish the first periodic table?

14. What pattern of organization did he use to arrange the elements?

15. How are elements arranged in the modern periodic table?

16. State the PERIODIC LAW:

Exploring the Periodic Table – Chapters 4/5 – Quiz Questions #2 

1. Why do elements within a group of the periodic table have similar chemical properties?

2. What happens to an atom that gains or loses electrons?

3. List the three main categories of elements and give an example of each.


5. What is an ION?

6. Which periodic table group forms positive ions?

7. Which periodic table group forms negative ions?

8. State the definition for a METAL.



9. State the definition for a NONMETAL.

10. State the definition for a SEMICONDUCTOR.

11. a) Which elements are DUCTILE and MALLEABLE?
b) What do these two words mean?

12. Explain why elements in a group on the periodic table have similar chemical properties.


13. Draw electron shell diagrams for the following elements:

a) Lithium                                                               b) Sodium

c) Carbon                                                                d) Oxygen

e) Fluorine                                                              f) Neon

g) Silicon                                                                h) Argon

Families of Elements – Chapters 4/5 – Quiz Questions #3 

  1. What are the families of metals?

  2. What are two families of nonmetals?
            a)                                                                  b)

  3. List 4 unusual facts about HYDROGEN.                                                              
            a)                                                                  c)
            b)                                                                  d)

  4. What is the name of Group 1 on the periodic table? _________________________
    Give two characteristics of that family.
            a)                                                                   b)

  5. What is the name of Group 2 on the periodic table? Give 4 characteristics that are
         different from those of Group 1.

  6. Name 3 transition metals used in making jewelry.
             a)                                          b)                                          c)

  7. Your classmate offers to give you a piece of sodium that he found on a hiking trip. What
         is your response? Explain.

  8. Which elements are synthetic?

  9. What is unique about the valence numbers of elements in the family of Noble Gases?

  10. Why are atoms of Chlorine and Bromine very reactive?

  11. Classify the following elements as alkali, alkaline-earth, or transition metals based on
         their positions in the periodic table:

    a) Fe                                                            c) K

    b) Sr                                                             d) Pt

  12. Draw valence diagrams for the following elements:

    a) Li                                                             e) Be

    b) B                                                              f) C

    c) N                                                              g) O

    d) F                                                              h) Ne


Summary – Chapter 4/5 – Quiz Questions #4
p. 169

1. How did Mendeleev arrange elements in the periodic table?

2. On what basis is the modern periodic table arranged?

3. How can an element become an ion?

4. What are the three ways that elements can be classified?

5. What are the two things that each periodic table family have in common?

6. What are three metal families in the periodic table?

7. Name two families of nonmetals.

8. What is a semiconductor?

9. What does an element’s atomic number represent?

10. How do you determine the number of neutrons of an element?

11. What is a valence electron?